Muharram marks the beginning of the Islamic lunar calendar and is a time of deep reflection and mourning. The photos often depict the ritualistic practice of 'Mattam,' which involves symbolic acts of mourning, such as chest-beating and self-flagellation, as a sign of grief and solidarity with the tragedy of Karbala. Muharram commemorates the martyrdom of Imam Hussain, the grandson of Prophet Muhammad, who, along with his companions, was brutally killed in the Battle of Karbala in 680 AD. The significance of Mattam lies in its portrayal of devotion, remembrance, and empathy towards the sacrifice of Imam Hussain and his followers, emphasizing the values of justice, righteousness, and resistance against oppression. These photos serve as a visual reminder of the historical events and spiritual teachings that continue to inspire millions of Muslims to seek compassion, empathy, and self-sacrifice in their lives.